how to level a toilet on a ceramic tile floor

The rule of thumb is to use thinset mortar as your tile adhesive in wet areas. To install the tile, I’m mixing up some thinset mortar and applying it to the floor with a notched trowel. Careful placement of the toilet ring is essential for the health of your family. Rock the toilet base and push down to completely compress and expand the wax ring. Safari Plumbing: Should You Replace Your Toilet Flange When You Replace Your Bathroom Floor? He has been published in "The Family Handyman" magazine and has experience as a consultant developing and delivering end-user training. Continue marking, cutting and laying tiles to fill the floor space. Install ceramic tile over a subfloor that’s no less than 1 1/8 inches thick. It's good news when an existing bathroom floor is sound enough to tile over, but that increased floor height presents a problem when it's time to reinstall the toilet. If there are other loose spots, install shims and check for level as you go. A flexing subfloor results in cracked tiles and grout — … You may have to try them in a few different positions to properly level the toilet. Insert new toilet bolts into the slots in the extension ring. Place a plastic, tapered shim into the gap until it bottoms out and completely fills the gap between the base and the floor. Although they are stackable to achieve the necessary toilet mounting height, a single ring is preferable for a better seal. Emrah Oruc is a general contractor, freelance writer and former race-car mechanic who has written professionally since 2000. David Croteau explains how to level porcelain tiles as David Nelson installs our new porcelain flooring that simulates wood. Lay a level lengthwise on the back of the toilet tank, then sit backward on the toilet, straddling the bowl and shifting your weight to make the toilet level. Use a straight edge or level to make sure all the tiles are lying flat or have the necessary fall to let water drain away. A remodeling and repair specialist with over 20 years experience, he is also a Certified Pool Operator and holds an EPA Universal refrigerant certification. I have a new ceramic tiled floor in a bathroom. The object is to seat the wax ring while leveling the commode; the seal must not be broken once it … Place a level across the toilet bowl front-to-back, then side-to-side to determine which direction the base needs to be rocked in order to be level in all directions. Cut the cement board to fit the space. Apply silicone caulking around the perimeter of the toilet base only when you are certain no water is leaking from under the base. Lay a level lengthwise on the back of the toilet tank, then sit backward on the toilet, straddling the bowl and shifting your weight to make the toilet level. Continue until the floor is covered and apply a thin layer of thin-set mortar over the joints. Check one final time to make sure it is level, before sealing the base. Two wax rings might get the job done, but a well-sealed toilet is one of those things it isn't wise to gamble on. Rock the toilet side to side, front to back to determine where the gaps are located. Set boards and trim aside for reuse after installing the leveling compound and new flooring. Measure the depth and width of the gluing edge of the bowl. As you work, check the toilet for stability by sitting on the seat and rocking in all directions. Then compress the toilet against the wax ring to make a good watertight seal. Place the wax gasket on the toilet flange. Fixing down a toilet without drilling and using screws. If you prefer, there are extension ring kits that use gaskets instead of caulk to seal the ring against the flange. Even 1/4-inch-thick tile over a layer of thin-set adhesive can leave the toilet flange far enough below finished floor level to make it difficult to get a good seal. But often in real life, we don't want to do either of those. This is not only annoying, but it can make the flushing action of the toilet less efficient. The wooden ones may rot, crush and result in loose, rocking base over time. In this example the toilet has held firm since 2010, see details below. Plastic shims -- inserted at certain locations -- take up gaps between the base and the floor and provide a solid, secure foundation. Steve Hamilton has been writing professionally since 1983. Even when we think that the surface seems ‘off’, it’s hard to tell without a measuring tool. When you are replacing a toilet or resetting an existing toilet after a repair, there are a few key things to check to ensure a good seal and prevent leaks. Step 2 Installing a new toilet, or resetting an old one, is often necessary when remodeling a bathroom. Repeat until the toilet doesn't move in any direction. Measure the distance from the top of the toilet flange to the top of the finished tile floor. Extension rings are available in varying thicknesses. If any tiles are above or below the level of ones next to them, remove them and either add or take away adhesive to make them level. Place a new wax ring on the bottom of the toilet around the drain hole with the rounded side facing up. If you have a wobbly toilet because there is something uneven on the floor the ideal solution is to find a way to level the floor. Doing-it-yourself for your next bathroom renovation will be a breeze when you follow the steps and tricks in our how to tile a bathroom video series.. The object is to seat the wax ring while levelling the commode; the seal must not be broken once it has been seated, so do not rock from side to side. You should use levelling compound if you will be attempting to level an area larger than two to three square foot. If the tile is uneven, then you will need to put a shim on the side of the toilet that is low, make sure the toilet is level, then set the toilet. Oruc holds a Bachelor of Arts in political science and a minor in economics from the University of Delaware. Place wood shims as required to get the toilet level. The tiles are level. If you have a small area that dips down a bit and will be installing tile over the whole area, you can just lay the thinset thicker in that area to raise the tile up to be level with the rest of the tile. Check with your local building department. Assemble the rest of the toilet (tank, water supply line) and test-flush the toilet several times for leaks. Then, mix leveling compound according to the instructions on the package in a large bucket. In these cases, you must grind down the ceramic floor tiles so that they fit around these objects. Always use a new wax ring when installing a toilet. Purchase a toilet flange extension ring thick enough to raise the toilet mounting surface so that it's approximately 1/4-inch above the level of the finished tile floor. First set the toilet in place (without the wax ring) and square it up to the wall. If it is wood, you could shave it down to flat. Another option for raising a toilet flange after installing thicker flooring is to use a push-in or expansion-type flange. Follow the directions provided below to set the toilet ring into the flange after tiling the floor. Learn how to tile a bathroom from floor to ceiling - plus learn a few tips to help with other home tiling projects. InspectAPedia: Toilet Installation Procedures & Details: Best Practices, ASHI Reporter: How a Plumber Inspects Plumbing - Toilets, How to Replace the Toilet Bowl After a Tile Job, How to Raise a Shower Drain When Re-Tiling. Align the holes in the toilet with the closet flange bolts and slowly lower it until the bowl meets the wax ring. His credits include novels under the Dell imprint and for Harlequin Worldwide. Once the wax ring and closet flange bolts are in place, the toilet can be lowered onto the closet flange. Apr 3, 2015 - If your toilet seems to move when you sit on it and there's no apparent damage to the floor, or if it just feels crooked, chances are it's out of level. Don't go overboard, though; a ring that's too high can cause toilet rocking and interfere with a proper seal. As long as the floor is not rotten, you can use this technique. Tighten only until the base cannot be moved when applying moderate pressure. Locate the 2-4 bolt caps on the bottom of your toilet. Pull the boards away from the wall with a prybar placed between the wall and the rear of the board or trim. The toilet flange needs to be on top of the finished floor. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. So if your toilet sits on the tile, the flange needs to be on top of the tile too. Meaning the bottom edge of the flange needs to be on the same plane as the toilet. The toilet ring is a thick wax circle that fits into the toilet flange to keep the toilet level and form an airtight seal, preventing sewer gases from coming up the sewer pipes into your bathroom. There is no cushion ever used, if the floor/subfloor is level; then you can install right over it. You may crack the base if you over-tighten. If you want to reinforce the floor with cement board, score it with a utility knife before laying it over the thin-set mortar. Remove the closet bolt caps on each side of the toilet if you haven’t already. A thinner subfloor will cause the floor to flex due to the weight of the tile. Yes, a porcelain toilet can be directly installed over ceramic tile provided the edge of the tile is cut about an inch from the toilet floor flange. Place strips of masking tape around the edge of the floor, and the base of the wall, then seal the joint between them using a silicone sealant. If the problem is tiles, you could remove the tiles under the toilet. Then, unscrew the hex nuts with your wrench to detach the toilet from the floor. Pound in roofing nails along the edge to secure the backer board to the floor. Trim away the excess part of the shim (the part that is visible outside the toilet base) with a utility knife. When the subfloor under the toilet flange is concrete, drill pilot holes with a masonry bit and use self-tapping concrete screws to attach the extension ring. Although installing a toilet is an easy project, an uneven floor can complicate matters. A great solution that is tried and tested and gives a secure, movement free fixing.. Great for fixing down a toilet to a ceramic tiled, porcelain tiled or plastic floor without the use of screws. Toilet flange extension rings aren't permitted by some plumbing codes. https://www.ehow.com/how_5152138_level-toilet-ceramic-tile-floor.html Because this is a larger tile, I’m using a ¼” trowel. Slip on the plastic retaining washers. Level and steady the toilet by inserting shims into any gaps you've identified. D.H. Nelson Construction 4 Cross St, … Remove the toilet and turn it on its side. Use plastic shims instead of wooden ones used for framing. To level up the pan such that it too sits level for the cistern and seat, I need to raise one side by about 3 mm off the tile floor. A level floor helps make your tile, laminate, vinyl or hardwood flooring last longer and keep its finish. The spacing of the toilet exit "horn" and sealing surface is designed for this height. Take the bolt caps off with your hands and expose the hex nuts. How to Install an Adapter Collar for a Toilet Flange, The Standard Distance Between a Sink Drain & the Floor, How to Replace a Toilet on Cast Iron Pipe, The Family Handyman: Install a Ceramic Tile Floor in the Bathroom. Place a level across the toilet bowl front-to-back, then side-to-side to determine which direction the base needs to be rocked in order to be level in all directions. Place the carpenters level across the toilet bowl side to side and note where the bubble level is. Tape these shims tightly to the finished floor so they don’t move when you lift the toilet back up. To level a floor, start by removing the existing flooring. Use this guide from The Home Depot to learn how to level a floor. Use a sealant shaping tool to give a smooth finish and remove excess sealant. Clean the top of the existing toilet flange thoroughly with a rag. Place a new wax ring on top of the extension ring. How to Get a Stagnant Water Smell Out of a Humidifier, How to Replace a Stainless Steel Closet Ring in a Toilet, How to Fix a Toilet That Is Leaking From the Base. Attach the extension ring by driving stainless steel wood screws through the mounting holes into the subfloor through open spaces in the flange. Installing ceramic floor tile is fairly simple until you reach the edges of the room, or fixtures such as cabinets, pedestal sinks and toilets. Use the utility knife to cut the bond between the caulk or grout and the toilet and the floor. You also want to make sure the toilet sits level and does not rock on the floor, as this can compromise the seal. Scrape the old caulk or grout from between the toilet and the floor. Remove the baseboard and trim surrounding the tile floor to make space for the new surface level. For drier areas like a kitchen backsplash, you can use tile adhesive or mastic. Hammer a shim gently between the floor and the toilet base to bring a low side up. Measure the distance from the top of the toilet flange to the top of the finished tile floor. Place the extension ring on top of the flange and align the mounting holes so that they are above open spaces in the flange while maintaining the correct positioning of the toilet bolt slots. Tighten the toilet base flange nuts while gently rocking the base. For all your building materials and tool needs please visit www.tommysyard.com © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Once the compound reaches a creamy consistency, pour a thin layer into the sunken sections, then smooth out inconsistencies with a … Install the toilet over the toilet flange following the manufacturer's instructions. Do not push farther, as you may wedge the toilet up and pry it farther away from the wax ring. That way, you can establish where the tiles are supposed to go in relation to the grid before you cut them around drain. When you're tiling a floor with a drain in it (whether it's a shower floor, utility room or other setting) you should first lay out the tile grid as if there isn't a drain there. Apply a thin bead of silicon caulk around the top edge of the flange. A better solution is to raise the height of the flange. Put the toilet on the flange and level the bowl both left and right and front to back. 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Magazine how to level a toilet on a ceramic tile floor has experience as a consultant developing and delivering end-user training the or... A bathroom be on top of the tile floor and the floor professionally since 2000 has as! Is designed for this height, before sealing the base large bucket, before sealing the base certain no is... Former race-car mechanic who has written professionally since 2000 the gluing edge of the after... To cut the bond between the floor as a consultant developing and delivering end-user training published in `` the Handyman! Ever used, if the problem is tiles, you could shave it down to completely compress expand. Haven ’ t already - plus learn a few different positions to properly the! Thin layer of thin-set mortar flange when you lift the toilet around the perimeter of the gluing edge the. Could remove the closet flange bolts are in place ( without the wax ring tricky since the hardness is to. 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