romans 1:1:2 meaning

It shows also a sense of inward wretchedness. 2. called to be an apostle—when first he "saw the Lord"; the indispensable qualification for apostleship. Romans 1:1-2 In history, the church of Jesus Christ experienced disunity as the good news of the gospel was becoming eclipsed right before the eyes of the people of God. The meaning, in any case, must not be limited to the official sense. First, "in hope of eternal life" refers to Paul's future hope of eternity with Christ. For What Class of Christians was this Epistle principally designed—Jewish or Gentile? (1) Servant.—More strictly, here as elsewhere in the New Testament, slave; and yet not wrongly translated “servant,” because the compulsory and degrading side of service is not put forward. Others, an allusion to his diminutive stature; and others again think that he assumed the name out of compliment to Sergius Paulus, the deputy of Cyprus. Finally, Phœbebe, the bearer, as appears, of this Epistle, was a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, the eastern port of Corinth (Ro 16:1). He does not mean an occasional breaking of the law but consistently breaking it as a practice or as a way of life. On that supposition, how are we to account for so important a circumstance being passed by in silence by the historian of the Acts, not only in the narrative of Peter's labors, but in that of Paul's approach to the metropolis, of the deputations of Roman "brethren" that came as far as Appii Forum and the Three Taverns to meet him, and of his two years' labors there (Ac 28:15, 30)? Or else in respect of his singular and miraculous conversion: by reason of which, he thought himself so obliged to Christ, that he wholly addicted or devoted himself to his service. The remainder of the Epistle is devoted to sundry practical topics, winding up with salutations and outpourings of heart delightfully suggestive. And how, if so, is there no salutation to Peter among the many in this Epistle? Thus, the word is expressive of dignity and honor; and the servants of a king denote officers of a high rank and station. Of all the undoubted Epistles of our apostle, this is the most elaborate, and at the same time the most glowing. A servant of Jesus Christ, is a higher title than monarch of the world: several great emperors styled themselves Christ's vassals. In this sense it is applied to the disciples of Christ at large (1Co 7:21-23), as in the Old Testament to all the people of God (Isa 66:14). The practice of adopting Gentile names may be traced through all the periods of Hebrew history. 2 Paul is not speaking out of his own mind, but, as a slave, reflects the will and authority of his master, Christ. The apostle uses it here evidently to denote his acknowledging Jesus Christ as his master; as indicating his dignity, as especially appointed by him to his great work; and as showing that in this Epistle he intended to assume no authority of his own, but simply to declare the will of his master, and theirs. Separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the work whereunto I have called them. What does Titus 1:2 mean? It denotes those who are "separated," or called out from the common mass; Acts 19:9; 2 Corinthians 6:17. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! ἈΦΩΡΙΣΜΈΝΟς ΕἸς ΕὐΑΓΓ, And it is also our privilege to have the same access to God in Christ, The whole world is certainly under obligation to such a servant as this, Σαῦλον εἰς τὸ ἔργον ο} ππροσκέκλημαι αὐτούς, ὁ ἀφόρρισας με ἐκ κοιλίας μητρός μου καὶ καλίσας, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. The proper meaning of this word servant, δοῦλος doulos, is slave, one who is not free. A servant - This name was what the Lord Jesus himself directed His disciples to use, as their general appellation; Matthew 10:25; Matthew 20:27; Mark 10:44. (See on [2165]Ac 9:5; [2166]Ac 22:14; [2167]1Co 9:1). Romans 1:12(NASB) Verse Thoughts It was very important that Paul built up a rapport with the Christians in Rome, because this gentile church was one of the few … Godet, "an apostle by way of call. Chapter 1. Of intelligence, Romans 1:21 2Cor 3:15; 4:6; Ephesians 1:18 . See on John 5:47; see on John 2:22. They were strangers to him, and therefore he begins by asserting his apostleship. It is used of the final separation of the righteous from the wicked (Matthew 13:49; Matthew 25:32); of the separation of the disciples from the world (Luke 6:22); and of the setting apart of apostles to special functions (Acts 13:2). or, if it may be thought that he was known to be elsewhere at that particular time, how does there occur in all the Epistles which our apostle afterwards wrote from Rome not one allusion to such an origin of the church at Rome? Romans 1:1-2. To live lives dedicated to God’s service, whether as clergy or laity, is genuine worship—the logical outcome of a decision to follow Christ. On this occasion there accompanied him from Corinth certain persons whose names are given by the historian of the Acts (Ac 20:4), and four of these are expressly mentioned in our Epistle as being with the apostle when he wrote it—Timotheus, Sosipater, Gaius, and Erastus (Ro 16:21, 23). And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection … Two things are couched in this phrase: 1. Certain it is, that the apostle writes to them expressly as a Gentile Church (Ro 1:13, 15; 15:15, 16); and though it is plain that there were Jewish Christians among them, and the whole argument presupposes an intimate acquaintance on the part of his readers with the leading principles of the Old Testament, this will be sufficiently explained by supposing that the bulk of them, having before they knew the Lord been Gentile proselytes to the Jewish faith, had entered the pale of the Christian Church through the gate of the ancient economy. In short, his self-construal was—and always will be—since the Damascus road anyway, one who was a free and willing slaveof the Lord Jesus Christ. What does the living sacrifice mean in Romans 12:1? ; Psalm 19:4; Psalm 68:11, et al.). Called to be an apostle (κλητὸς ἀπόστολος), As the previous phrase describes generally Paul's relation to Christ, this expression indicates it specifically. Romans 3:4 illustrates why one has to be very careful to observe the context when defining Greek words. The law he is writing about here is obviously the Ten Commandments. Called to be an apostle; appointed to that high office by the immediate call of Christ himself: see Gal 1:1 Tit 1:3. In the same way Jeremiah was designated to be a prophet; Jeremiah 1:5. The Greek indicates that the writer was actually in the apostolate - a called apostle. But as, in addition to this, the prophets and kings of Israel were officially "the servants of the Lord" (Jos 1:1; Ps 18:1, title), the apostles call themselves, in the same official sense, "the servants of Christ" (as here, and Php 1:1; Jas 1:1; 2Pe 1:1; Jude 1), expressing such absolute subjection and devotion to the Lord Jesus as they would never have yielded to a mere creature. Romans 1:1-2 “Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of … The reason why the apostle was so anxious to show that his doctrine coincided with the Old Testament was because the church at Rome was made up in part of Jews. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. Acts 26:22-23, "saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come," etc. Here again the absence of the article denotes the qualitative character of the phrase - books which are holy as conveying God's revelations. For Gospel, see on superscription of Matthew. Each section of Romans is broken up into teaching or study sections. Of old, they who were in great offices were called the servants of God: see Jos 1:1 Neh 1:6 Psa 132:10. Unto the gospel of God; that is, to the preaching and publishing of it. The Founder of this celebrated church is unknown. The verb means "to mark off (ἀπό) from others by a boundary (ὅρος)." Paul applies the term to himself, Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:1; and frequently to express the relation of believers to Christ. (2) that it was confirmed by the authority of holy and inspired men. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God. Not the preaching of the Gospel, but; the message itself is meant. The most searching investigations of modern criticism have left it untouched. ), signifies called to the office of an apostle. 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; Prophets.—In the wider sense in which the word is used, including not only Samuel (Acts 3:24), but also Moses and David, and all who are regarded as having prophesied the Messiah. The same considerations would seem to prove that this church owed its origin to no prominent Christian laborer; and this brings us to the much-litigated question. The ambiguous genitive, the gospel of God, seems to mean, “the gospel which proceeds from God,” “of which God is the author;” not “of which God is the object.”. 5. Their sinful doings are expressed by the strong words, "treasuring up wrath." The heathen name rises to the surface at the moment when St. Paul visibly enters on his office as the apostle of the heathen. ", Separated unto the gospel of God (ἀφωρισμένος εἰς εὐαγγέλιον Θεοῦ). Dr. Morison observes that the superscription is peerless for its wealth of theological idea. Listen to it with the most profound attention, The believing Romans were, in part, originally Jews, and Paul particularly has regard to the latter, Which he promised before through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures concerning his Son, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 116. (1) The reverence which Paul showed for the Old Testament. Romans 8:1 actually exists in three basic forms, adequately represented by the following translations: “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,” (NASB). That this apostolical dignity was not by any desert of his, but by grace only, and the free gift of him that calleth. It has the unbroken testimony of all antiquity, up to Clement of Rome, the apostle's "fellow laborer in the Gospel, whose name was in the Book of Life" (Php 4:3), and who quotes from it in his undoubted Epistle to the Corinthians, written before the close of the first century. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse continues Paul's introduction, including three important phrases. New International Version. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. He never regarded it as obsolete, or useless. Some think he alludes to the name of Pharisee, which is from separating: when he was a Pharisee, he was separated to the law of God; and now, being a Christian, he was separated to the gospel of God. The gospel is sometimes called the gospel of God, as in this place; and sometimes the gospel of Christ, as in Rom 1:16: it is said to be the gospel of God, because he is the author of it, it is not a human invention; and it is said to be the gospel of Christ, because he is the matter and subject of it. For the meaning of the word "gospel," see the note at Matthew 1:1. A transcript for the Latin paulus or paullus, meaning little. “Romans 1.1-5 and Paul’s Christological Use of Hab. (2) Because Paul was not one of those originally appointed. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being. When God calls he makes what he calls. "Called to be an apostle" (A.V. On ἅγιος holy, see on Acts 26:10. On the contrary, God promised it before, through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures. The Roman name is stereotyped at the moment when he converts the Roman governor.". 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